Agricultural status is granted to businesses producing agricultural commodities for profit. Hobby farms, community gardens, personal gardens or orchards and small scale private operations do not typically qualify.

The following information is provided to assist the public in understanding the general guidelines pertaining to agricultural classification. Since each agricultural operation has its own uniqueness in terms of the type of operation, the Assessor must look at every operation on a case by case basis. Classification of property as agricultural is accomplished by applying the Arizona Revised Statutes and following the Department of Revenue’s agricultural manual.

The Arizona Revised Statutes define the agricultural classification as meeting the following requirements; the primary use, the reasonable expectation of operating profit and the functional contribution of non-contiguous parcels. The property owner must file the proper documentation for review by the Assessor. The zoning of the property is not controlling; it is the actual use of the property that determines whether it qualifies agriculturally.

The following information provides a more in-depth explanation on the criteria used to determine whether a parcel shall be classified as an agricultural use for valuation purposes.


Qualification Requirements

Documentation Requests

The assessor can request additional documentation for further analysis of parcels; failure of the taxpayer to supply information requested may disqualify the property for “agricultural land" classification. Additional documentation that may prove helpful in establishing a claim for "agricultural land" classification includes: 

  • IRS Form Schedule F , Profit and Loss Statement (or equivalent) 
  • Leases 
  • Receipts for services rendered and items purchased relevant to the agricultural operation 
  • Brand inspection certificates 
  • Sales invoices of agricultural products or livestock sold 
  • Grazing Plan
  • Business Plan (for new operations)


Providing documentation that shows the grazing animals satisfy the majority of the below criteria provides documentation for qualifying the land as a ranch. 

  • The animals can be bought and sold, e.g. a brand inspection certificate or a bill of sale is provided when transferring ownership of the animal. 
  • Veterinary and other services are provided for the health of the animals. 
  • The animals are confined to the property and shelter may be provided. 
  • The animals are identifiable by brands, tags, or tattoos and graze on the land. 

Physical Review

Physical inspections may be conducted to substantiate the use as agricultural. The following are examples of things that may be considered: 

  • Grazing livestock or recent evidence of grazing activity
  • Preparation/planting/harvesting/selling crops 
  • Topography and physical geology of the land
  • Accessibility 
  • Farm/ranch outbuildings 
  • Agricultural machinery and equipment 
  • Fence, livestock water, irrigation ditches and canals
  • Evidence of soil conservation practices
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Prescott Office

Yavapai County Administrative Services 

(1st floor)

1015 Fair Street
Prescott, AZ 86305

Phone: (928) 771-3220

Fax: (928) 771-3181


Office Hours: Monday through Friday: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM (closed on holidays, including the day after Thanksgiving Day).

Judd W. Simmons

County Assessor

Elected 2016


Primary Business Address:
1015 Fair Street
Prescott, AZ 86305
Phone: (928) 771-3220
Fax: (928) 771-3181

David "Beau" Boisvert

Chief Deputy Assessor


Primary Business Address:
1015 Fair Street
Prescott, AZ 86305
Phone: (928) 771-3220
Fax: (928) 771-3181
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